Issue #84 - April 2014

View The Highlights & Photographs From This Issue.

Over the years we have learned more about some of the spinning-wheel makers that we documented in our early issues. We study the variety of wheels made by two New York State wheel makers. We compare great wheels and skein winders by two father and son businesses, one in Vermont and one in New Hampshire. We learn about textile tools found in probate inventories in the 1690s and how to find Canadian patents.


Beardsley Sanford and Alpheus Webster, Men of Many Wheels

Beardsley Sanford and Alpheus Webster were making a variety of spinning-wheel designs in the first quarter of the 19th century in the southeastern corner of New York State. Michael Taylor studied these different wheels and the relationship of the two makers.

B. SANFORD mark
B. SANFORD mark

B. SANFORD double flyer wheel
B. SANFORD double flyer wheel

B. SANFORD reel
B. SANFORD reel

A. WEBSTER mark
A. WEBSTER mark

A. WEBSTER single wheel with double treadle
A. WEBSTER single wheel with double treadle

Sanford two wheels and two treadles
Sanford two wheels and two treadles

Webster two flyers, two wheels and two treadles
Webster two flyers, two wheels and two treadles

Tilden and Pierce Great Wheels and Skein Winders

Carlton Stickney has a great wheel and winder marked TILDEN and a great wheel and winder marked BENJ. PIERCE. He compares the objects and the makers, Calvin and Luther Tilden of Cornwall, VT, and Benjamin and Fred Pierce of Chesterfield, NH.

Tilden great wheel
Tilden great wheel

Mark on Tilden great wheel
Mark on Tilden great wheel

Tilden yarn winder
Tilden yarn winder

Pierce great wheel
Pierce great wheel

Mark on Pierce great wheel
Mark on Pierce great wheel

Pierce winder
Pierce winder

Textile Tools Revealed by Sudden Death

Probate inventories of victims of Indian attacks in the 1690s gives us a view of what textiles and textile tools these people had. Sandra Rux tells us what she found in the inventories of Ursula Cuff and Thomas Edmunds of Portsmouth, NH.

Page from Thomas Edmunds probate inventory in 1696
Page from Thomas Edmunds probate inventory in 1696

Locating Canadian Patents

In the course of her extensive research into Canadian production wheels, Caroline Foty and her cohorts on the Ravelry CPW forum have discovered the Web sites where you can find Canadian patents. She demonstrates how you can locate the numbers and then access the details of the patents.